The Ultimate Spiny-Tailed Iguana Care Sheet

Spiny tailed Iguanas mostly originate from Mexico and Central America. There are many different types of these iguanas in the whole family and their size can range from a few inches to well over two or three feet in length! They are called spiny tail because of the unusually large scales on the tail. They … Read more

The Definitive Leopard Gecko Care Sheet

The leopard gecko, scientific name Eublepharis macularius, is a nocturnal reptile commonly bred as pets. They are loved dearly because of their beautiful appearance, colorful design, and different patterns. The normal leopard has a pattern that consists of two dark transverse body bands and three to four darkened tail rings with a lot of dark … Read more

The Undisputed Best Veiled Chameleon Care Sheet

What should you feed a veiled chameleon? Many people are misinformed on how or what to feed their veiled chameleons. This section will go into more depth on their needs and requirements in deferent stages of their lives. Just like humans and other animals, depending of if they are growing, developing eggs, or having health … Read more

Bumblebee Goby Fish Care (Brachygobius xanthozona)

Bumblebee gobies are interesting gobies that are best kept in brackish tanks. Two species have been seen in the trade as bumblebee gobies, the “true” bumblebee Brachygobius xanthozona and a related species (B. nunus) that otherwise goes by the name golden banded goby. While both species are best suited to brackish conditions, the former is … Read more

Keeping Knifefish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Knifefish are an ancient group of fish that has the ability to generate a weak electrical field around their body. They are primarily located throughout the tropical waters of Asia, Africa and both South and Central America. The common name was acquired owing to their knifelike shape, with most species lacking dorsal, tail and ventral … Read more

Keeping White Cloud Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Tanichthys albonubes Family: Cyprinidae Size: 1½ inches Temperature: 64 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft to very hard pH: 6.0 to 8.0 Origin: China, Vietnam New hobbyists often see a dealer’s tank with the white cloud label and look fruitlessly for a white fish. The scientific name means “Tan’s fish” and “white clouds.” … Read more

Keeping Silver Dollar Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Metynnis argenteus Family: Serrasalmidae Size: 5 to 8 inches Temperature: 75 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: South America The silver dollar is a peaceful, schooling fish that can be kept in groups of three to six with most other community tank species of similar size. It should be housed in a … Read more

Keeping Siamese Fighting Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Betta splendens Family: Belontiidae Size: 2½ to 3 inches Temperature: 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Thailand The Siamese fighting fish, also known as the betta, has become a popular fish among hobbyists primarily because of the male’s beautiful colors and lavish finnage. More than one female can be kept in … Read more

Keeping Red-Tailed Shark – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Epalzeorhynchos bicolor, formerly Labeo bicolor Family: Cyprinidae Size: under 5 inches Temperature: 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: hard pH: neutral, 6.5 to 7.5 Origin: Thailand This is a gorgeous fish. The red-tailed shark has a deep black body, white-tipped sharklike dorsal fins, and, of course, a bright red tail. However, this fish … Read more

Keeping Paradise Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Macropodus opercularis Family: Belontiidae Size: 4 inches Temperature: 60 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit pH: 6.0 to 8.0 Origin: Asia A paradise fish can be kept with other paradise fish when it is a juvenile, as well as with other similar-size community tankmates with the same temperature requirements. However, as a male paradise fish … Read more

Keeping Orange-Finned Loach Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Yasuhikotakia modesta, formerly Botia modesta Family: Cobitidae Size: In the wild they can attain 12 inches, but in the aquarium they seldom exceed 10 inches Temperature: 78 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Northeastern India, Thailand The orange-finned loach is a schooling species that does best when kept in small groups (i.e., … Read more

Keeping Redtail Botia Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Yasuhikotakia modesta, formerly Botia modestaFamily: CobitidaeSize: In the wild they can attain 12 inches, but in the aquarium they seldom exceed 10 inchesTemperature: 78 to 82 degrees FahrenheitAlkalinity: UndemandingOrigin: Northeastern India, Thailand The redtail botia is a schooling species that does best when kept in small groups (i.e., six or more individuals) in … Read more

Keeping Montezuma Swordtail Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Xiphophorus montezumae Family: Cyprinodontidae Size: Males to 4 inches plus the sword, females to 3 Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Slightly alkaline and moderately hard pH: 7.0 to 7.4 Origin: Mexico The Montezuma swordtail is one of the true wild swordtails originally introduced into the hobby. Today almost all of the … Read more

Keeping Long-fin Swordtail Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Xiphophorus hybrids Family: Cyprinodontidae Size: 4 inches plus fins Temperature: 74 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, moderately soft pH: 6.8 to 7.2 Origin: Aquacultured hybrids not found in nature Fish breeders have developed many forms of long-fin swordtails, as well as platies and guppies. By making use of … Read more

Keeping Platy Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Xiphophorus maculatus and X. variatus Family: Cyprinodontidae Size: Female to 2 inches, males to 1½ Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: around neutral pH, and moderate hardness pH: 6.6 to 7.2 Origin: Mexico The platy probably comes in more sizes, colors and finnage types than any fish available to hobbyists today. The … Read more

Keeping Kuhli Loach Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Acanthophthalmus kuhlii Family: Cobitidae Size: 4 inches Temperature: 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Not particular Origin: Southeast Asia Although it will live for several years in an aquarium where it is the only fish of its kind, the kuhli loach will seldom come out in the open under these conditions. If this … Read more

Keeping Marbled Hatchetfish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Carnegiella marthae or C. strigata Family: Gasteropelecidae within Characidae Size: Around 1 to 1½ inches Temperature: 74 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Slightly acidic and moderately soft pH: 6.4 to 6.8 Origin: Amazon and Orinoco basin drainage The marbled hatchetfish found in the local fish store are all caught in the wild — … Read more

Keeping Guppy Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Poecilia reticulata Family: Poeciliidae Size: 2 to 2½ inches Temperature: 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Trinidad and Northern Venezuela Although they are ideal community tank residents with fishes of similar size and temperament, if you intend to breed guppies, it is best to house them in a species-only tank. You … Read more

Keeping Goldfish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Carassius auratus auratus Family: Cyprinidae Size: 2 inches to 2 feet depending on how and where they are kept Temperature: room temperature, not to exceed 75 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Neutral with moderate hardness pH: 6.6 to 7.4 Origin: Asia The goldfish is a form of wild carp that has been kept by humans … Read more

Keeping Clown Loach Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Chromobotia macracanthus, formerly Botia macracanthus Family: Cobitidae Size: in the wild can reach 17 inches, in the home aquarium it seldom exceeds 7 inches Temperature: 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: not particular Origin: Indonesia, Sumatra, Borneo The clown loach is an active schooling fish that is best kept in small groups (three … Read more

Keeping Tropheus Moorii Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Tropheus moorii Family: Cichlidae Size: 4 to 5 inches Temperature: 75 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Hard, alkaline water Origin: Lake Tanganyika, Africa The Tropheus moorii is often territorial and may be intolerant of members of its own species. However, it seldom harasses its tankmates. It is best to keep this species in … Read more

Keeping Kribensis Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Pelvicachromis pulcher Family: Cichlidae Size: Males to 4 inches, females to 3 Temperature: 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Around neutral pH: 6.6 to 7.4 Origin: Tropical West Africa The “krib” is one of the most common and easy to keep of the constellation of Pelmatochromis/Pelvicachromis genera in the hobby. This fish is … Read more

Keeping Discus Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Symphysodon aequifasciatus, S. heckel and S. haraldi. Family: Cichlidae Size: 6 inches Temperature: 82 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit Origin: South America Although the discus is a peaceful, schooling species, it is best kept in a species tank because its temperature needs are much higher than most other species can stand. However, the discus … Read more

Keeping Ram Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus ramirezi Family: Cichlidae Size: 1½ inches Temperature: 80 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft to moderately hard pH: acidic, 5.0 to 6.0 Origin: Colombia, Venezuela The ram may be the most beautiful of all the dwarf cichlids, with its iridescent blue scales, golden chest, exquisite black markings and brilliant red eyes. The … Read more

Keeping Jack Dempsey Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Cichlasoma octofasciatum Family: Cichlidae Size: Up to 7 to 8 inches Temperature: 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Neutral to slightly acidic, moderately soft pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Amazon and Rio Negro drainage basin The Jack Dempsey is one of the most popular “pet” fish (a fish that is often kept alone … Read more

Keeping Convict Cichlids – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, formerly Archocentrus nigrofasciatum Family: Cichlidae Size: 3 to 4 inches Temperature: 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: around neutral, moderate hardness pH: 6.6 to 7.2 Origin: Central America The convict cichlid is often the first fish a budding aquarist breeds — they are almost impossible to keep from reproducing. Often the … Read more

Keeping Oscar Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Astronotus ocellatus Family: Cichlidae Size: 8 to 14 inches Temperature: 72 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: acid to neutral, moderate hardness pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Amazon River basin drainage The oscar has become one of the most popular “pet” fish because it will learn to recognize its owner/feeder and will become extremely … Read more

Keeping Firemouth Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Thorichthys meeki Family: Cichlidae Size: Males to 5 inches, females to 4 Temperature: 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Neutral with moderate hardness pH: 6.8 to 7.2 Origin: Mexico The firemouth is one of those fish that does not look like much when small, but when they mature — and especially when they … Read more

Poison Dart Frog Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet, Breeding & More

The poison dart frog (or poison arrow frog) is between 20 – 50mm, very colorful, active and are currently split up into four general genus – Dendrobates, Phyllobates, Epipedobates and Minyobates. There are currently sixty-five recognized species, but new species and sub-species are still being classified. They are often referred to as poison arrow or … Read more

Panther Chameleon Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet, Substrates & More

Panther chameleons are peaceful creatures that resemble tiny dinosaurs and are only found in Madagascar. They seem to have their own personalities and at times can be very inquisitive. They are small arboreal reptiles that occupy small trees and bushes throughout the coastal areas and rain forests of Madagascar. Panther chameleons like to stay off … Read more

Uromastyx Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet & Types

For lizard lovers like myself, these hardy reptiles make intriguing, wonderful pets. Proper care in captivity is key to having a healthy and long-lived uromastyx. I will review basic husbandry such as proper housing and feeding in this article. Commonly referred to as spiny-tail agamas, the uromastyx is indigenous to North Africa, Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, … Read more

Green Iguana Care Guide – Cage, Bedding, Diet & More

Green iguanas are the most common of all the reptiles in the iguana family. They are the iguana that is most often sold as a pet. Usually when you see them in the pet store, they are less than a foot long, but in three years will grow to their adult size of four to … Read more

Emperor Scorpion Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet, Substrates & More

COMMON NAME Emperor Scorpion. Imperial Scorpion LATIN NAME Pandinus imperator NATIVE TO West Africa ADULT SIZE 6in/15cm. Can live up to 8 years or more. EGGS OR YOUNG? Gives birth to 3-90 live young who then climb on the mother’s back and ride around til their first moult. New born scorpions are soft and white … Read more

Emerald Tree Boa Care Sheet – Diet, Habitat & More

Emerald Tree Boa Handling

COMMON NAME Emerald Tree Boa LATIN NAME Corallus caninus NATIVE TO Amazon Basin (South America) SIZE & LIFE SPAN Grows to about 5 feet/1.6m. Lifespan of around 15-20 years EGGS OR YOUNG? Live bearing with litters of 2-15 young. Gestation period of about 200-250 days. APPEARANCE This is a beautiful boa with a strong resemblance … Read more

Crested Gecko Care Guide – Habitat, Diet, Substrate & More

The crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) is a native of New Caledonia, far off the coast of Australia. Although thought to be extinct, crested gecko’s were rediscovered in 1994 and have been becoming more and more popular ever since. How big do crested geckos get? These fascinating gecko’s can reach up to 8″ long (total length) … Read more

Bearded Dragon Care Guide – Diet, Habitat, Substrates & More

Bearded Dragons are a native Australian reptile belonging to the Agamidae family. Mostly found throughout inland Australia, they’re a desert dwelling lizard, but can also be found in open woodland areas along the coast. The name bearded dragon is the broad term for some 6 species and 2 subspecies. However the name is generally used … Read more

Ball Python Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet, Substrates & Morphs

COMMON NAME Ball Python / Royal Python LATIN NAME Python regius NATIVE TO West Africa e.g. Sierra Leone, Togo and Senegal SIZE & LIFE SPAN Seldom grows more that 3 or 4 feet. Captive lifespan of 20 – 30 years (record – 48 years). EGGS OR YOUNG? The females encircle their four to ten eggs, … Read more

Axolotl Care Sheet – Habitat, Diet & Breeding

COMMON NAME Axolotl LATIN NAME Ambystoma mexicanum NATIVE TO Lake Xochimilcho and Lake Chalco in Mexico SIZE & LIFE SPAN 12in/30cm. Will live for 10-12 years EGGS OR YOUNG? Axolotls do not go through a normal amphibian cycle. They remain in their larval stage as large tadpoles and reproduce without the need to become adult. … Read more

Asian Forest Scorpion Care – Enclosure, Food, Humidity & Breeding

The Heterometrus Spinifer, otherwise sometimes also known as the Thai Black, Malaysian Forest Scorpion or the Asian Forest Scorpion, can be found in the southern parts of Asia (SEA). They are primarily found in countries like Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia. These species of tarantulas grow as big as 5 inches (14 cm). With its … Read more

Sulcata Tortoise Care Guide – Habitat, Diet, Heating & Substrates

Although sulcata hatchlings are cute and tiny and will easily fit in the palm of your hand, they will get big. Sulcata are the third largest species of tortoises in the world. Only Galapagos and Aldabra tortoises — the giant tortoises you typically see in zoos — get bigger. They also grow very quickly. As … Read more

Keeping Otocinclus Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Otocinclus vestitus Family: Loricariidae Size: 1½ to 2 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Southeastern Brazil, Peru This is a shy, schooling species that should be kept in groups of six or more, in an aquarium with similar peaceful species. It does not do well when housed with more … Read more

Keeping Upside-Down Catfish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Synodontis nigriventris Family: Mochokidae Size: 3 to 4 inches Temperature: 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Africa, the Zaire and Niger River Systems The upside-down catfish is a peaceful, schooling species that should be kept in small groups (i.e., three to six individuals) with other peaceful community tank residents. It should … Read more

Keeping Plecostomus Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Hypostomus plecostomus Family: Loricariidae Size: 12 to 18 inches Temperature: 75 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Peru, Brazil The plecostomus is a peaceful species that can be housed in a community tank as a single member of its species. As an adult, it is extremely intolerant of its own kind, although … Read more

Keeping Glass Catfish Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Kryptopterus bicirrhis Family: Siluridae Size: 2½ inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Neutral to acidic, moderately soft pH: 6.8 to 7.2 Origin: East Indies (Indonesia) to Thailand and Cambodia The glass catfish is one of the most unusual fish commonly kept in the hobby, and it is certainly the most transparent. … Read more

Keeping Tiger-Banded Peckoltia Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Peckoltia vittata Family: Loricariidae Size: 3 to 4 inches Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: slightly acid and moderately soft pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Amazon basin drainage There are a large number of “suckermouth cats” sold in the hobby, and they in fact represent a variety of different genera and species. … Read more

Keeping Peppered Cory Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Corydoras paleatus Family: Callichthyidae Size: 2¼ inches Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Soft to moderately hard pH: 6.0 to 8.0 Origin: Brazil, Uruguay The hobby still imports most Corydoras species from the wild, but the peppered cory was one of the first tank-bred cory catfish. Peppered cories sold in shops are … Read more

Keeping Skunk Cory Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Corydoras arcuatus Family: Callichthyidae Size: 2 inches Temperature: 74 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: not particular Origin: Brazil and Peru Because the skunk cory is shy and easily frightened when kept as a single specimen, Corydoras arcuatus should be kept in small groups (i.e., six or more individuals) with other community tank fish, … Read more

Keeping Bronze Cory Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Corydoras aeneus Family: Callichthyidae Size: 3 inches Temperature: 74 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit; for spawning, temperatures of 75 to 79 degrees are preferred Alkalinity: not particular Origin: South America In the wild, most Corydoras swim in schools of several dozen or more, and similar conditions should be duplicated in the home aquarium. The … Read more

Keeping Three-Spot Gourami Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Trichogaster trichopterus Family: Belontiidae Size: 6 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Southeast Asia The three-spot gourami is a robust fish that should be kept with other hardy, but mildly aggressive, community tank fishes. When kept with active, aggressive fishes it will often retreat to a corner and hide. … Read more

Keeping Pearl Gourami Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Trichogaster leerii Family: Anabantidae Size: 4 inches Temperature: 76 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: neutral with moderate hardness pH: 6.8 to 7.0 Origin: Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia The pearl gourami is one of the most beautiful anabantids — bubble nest builders. It is peaceful and can be kept with any other community tank fish, … Read more

Keeping Kissing Gourami Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Helostoma temminckii Family: Helostomatidae Size: 10 to 12 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo and Sumatra The kissing gourami is a peaceful species that should be housed with fish of similar size and temperament. Males will occasionally fight by “pressing” their mouths together — hence the … Read more

Keeping Dwarf Gourami Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Colisa lalia Family: Belontiidae Size: 2 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Will not tolerate poor water conditions Origin: India and Bangladesh The dwarf gourami is a peaceful, timid species that should be kept in pairs with fish of similar size and temperament. Avoid housing this fish with some of the … Read more

Keeping Blue Gourami Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Trichogaster trichopterus Family: Belontiidae Size: 6 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Southeast Asia The blue gourami is a robust fish that should be kept with other hardy, but mildly aggressive, community tank fishes. When kept with active, aggressive fishes it will often retreat to a corner and hide. … Read more

Keeping Neon Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Paracheirodon innesi Family: Characidae Size: 1¼ inches Temperature: 76 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Acidic and soft pH: 6.2 to 6.8 Origin: Amazon basin (headwaters) The neon tetra was the first wild-caught fish that really set the tropical fish hobby into a dither, and contributed much to establishing the “tropical” fish hobby. When … Read more

Keeping Lemon Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis Family: Characidae Size: 2 inches Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Slightly soft and slightly acidic pH: 6.8 to 7.0 Origin: Amazon basin The lemon tetra is not seen much in the hobby anymore, most probably because when young, the fish does not show much in the way of colors. … Read more

Keeping Head And Tail Light Tetras – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Hemigrammus ocellifer Family: Characidae Size: 2 inches Temperature: 72 to 80 degree Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Neutral to acidic, moderately soft pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Amazon drainage of South America The head and tail light fish has been in our hobby for a very long time, and was probably one of the first tetras … Read more

Keeping Glowlight Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Hemigrammus erythrozonus Family: Characidae Size: 1½ inches Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Slightly acidic and moderately soft pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Guyana The glowlight tetra is one of the most beautiful and easy to keep fish offered in our hobby. If you want an absolutely spectacular tank, put a school … Read more

Keeping Diamond Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Moenkhausia pittieri Family: Characidae Size: males to 2-2.5 inches, females smaller Temperature: 72 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: acid side of neutral, moderately soft pH: 6.6 to 7.0 Origin: Venezuela (Lake Valencia) The diamond tetra’s lack of color is more than made up for by its other attributes. The scales located on the … Read more

Keeping Buenos Aires Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon anisitsi, formerly Hemigrammus caudovittatus Family: Characidae Size: 3½inches; Temperature: 65 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: neutral to slightly alkaline with moderate hardness pH: 6.8 to 7.4 Origin: Argentina The Buenos Aires tetra is now provided to the hobby almost exclusively from fish farms in Florida, which means it usually has been raised … Read more

Keeping Blind Cave Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Astyanax fasciatus mexicanus Family: Characidae Size: 3½inches; Temperature: 65 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: undemanding Origin: Mexico, Texas The blind cave tetra is a schooling species that is a little too aggressive for the normal tetra community. It is best kept in a group of three to six individuals in a tank with … Read more

Keeping Bleeding Heart Tetras – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Tips

Scientific Name: Hyphessobrycon erythrostigma Family: Characidae Size: 3½ inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: not particular Origin: Upper Amazon Basin, Peru The bleeding heart tetra is a hardy, peaceful, schooling species that should be kept in groups of six or more. It does extremely well when kept with other peaceful fish, such as … Read more

Keeping Black Tetra Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi Family: Characidae Size: 1½ inches Temperature: 70 to 76 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft and acid, to neutral pH: 6.4 to 7.0 Origin: Rio Negro basin The black tetra has been a popular staple of the aquarium hobby for many years. Commercial breeders have developed different color varieties (unfortunately, including the “blueberry” … Read more

Keeping Betta Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Betta splendens Family: Belontiidae Size: 2½ to 3 inches Temperature: 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Thailand The Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens), also called the betta, is from Malaysia and Thailand and has been introduced elsewhere. This fish grows to about 3 inches — longer if you account for their … Read more

Keeping Rosy Barb Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Puntius conchonius Family: Cyprinidae Size: 5½ inches Temperature: 64 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft to very hard pH: 6.0 to 8.0 Origin: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The rosy barb was one of the first fish to become popular in the hobby. Though this fish fares well at typical aquarium temperatures, … Read more

Keeping Tiger Barb Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Puntius tetrazona, formerly Barbus tetrazona Family: Cyprinidae Size: 3 inches Temperature: 68 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Sumatra, Borneo Temperament The tiger barb is a lively, playful, schooling species that should be kept in groups of seven or more. It may become aggressive if kept in too small a group, and … Read more

Keeping Clown Barb Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Puntius everetti, formerly Barbus everetti Family: Cyprinidae Size: 4 to 5 inches Temperature: 76 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft, slightly acidic water pH: 6.0 to 6.5 Origin: Southeast Asia — Borneo, Sarawak, Singapore. Tank Setup The clown barb is a very active, medium-size, elegant species that should be kept with similar-size species … Read more

Keeping Cherry Barb Fish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Puntius titteya Family: Cyprinidae Size: 2 inches Temperature: 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: around neutral, somewhat hard pH: 7 Origin: Sri Lanka As with many other fish, the cherry barb is now almost exclusively raised commercially in the Far East and Florida. If you ever have a chance to procure wild stock, … Read more

Keeping Bala Sharks – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Balantiocheilus melanopterus Family: Cyprinidae Size: 14 inches Temperature: 72 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: Soft to moderately hard pH: 6.0 to 8.0 Native: Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo Also known as the tricolor shark or silver shark, the young bala shark is a staple item in most aquarium stores. However, this fish is a … Read more

Keeping Angelfish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Pterophyllum scalare Family: Cichlidae Size: 8 inches Temperature: 78 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: soft, slightly acidic pH: 5.8 to 6.2 Origin: Amazon Basin northward into the coastal rivers of the Guianas. Long a favorite among aquarists, the angelfish is a tall fish that can be kept in a community setting, as long … Read more

Keeping African Jewelfish – Tank, Food, Breeding & Care Requirements

Scientific Name: Hemichromis bimaculatus Family: Cichlidae Size: 5 to 6 inches Temperature: 74 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: neutral with moderate hardness pH: around 7.0 Origin: Nile, Niger and Congo river basins in Africa Native Origins The jewelfishes from Africa are some of the most beautiful, and most bellicose, of the cichlids. While bimaculatus was … Read more

Zebra Danio Care Sheet – Tank, Food, Breeding, Substrate & Accessories

Scientific Name: Danio rerio, formerly Brachydanio rerio Family: Cyprinidae Size: 2½ inches Temperature: 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit pH: 6.5-7 Alkalinity: Undemanding Origin: Eastern India Should you keep a Zebra Danio? The zebra danio is a active fish that should be housed in groups of five or more with other peaceful community tank residents of … Read more

Cardinal Tetra Care Sheet – Tank, Food, Breeding, Substrate & Accessories

Scientific Name: Paracheirodon axelrodi Family: Characidae Size: 1½ – 2 inches Temperature: 75 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit Alkalinity: as soft and acid as possible pH: 6.0 to 6.8 Origin: Upper Rio Negro and Amazon basins The cardinal tetra is probably the world’s favorite tropical fish in terms of numbers kept. Many hobbyists have at some … Read more